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,^W AND OIUo^^ 




at MhIiii, 1 



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Register for the Fall and Winter Term, 1870-1. 



His Exckllexcy, the Governor. 
His Honor, the Lieutenant Governor. 
Rev. William Rice, A.M., Springfield. 
Hon. Emory Washburn, LL.D., Cambridge. 
Rev. Samuel T. Seelye, D. D., liastliampton. 
John D. Philbrick, A. M., Boston. 
David H. Mason, A. M., Newton Centre. 

Hon. Henry Chapin, Worcester. 
Rev. A. A. Miner, D.D., Boston. 
Gardiner G. Hubbard, A. M., Cambridge. 

Hon. Joseph White, LL. D., Sec'y and Treas'r. 
Rev. Samuel C. Jackson, D.D., Assist. Sec'y. 
Abner J. Phipps, a. M., Agent, West Medford. 


Rev. A. A. Miner, D. D., Boston, 

I Hon. Joseph White, LL.D., Boston. 

Daniel B. Hagar, A. M., Principal 
Ellen M. Dodge, 
Mary E. Webb. 
Caroline J. Cole. 
Mary N. Plumer. 


Sophia O. Driver. 
M. Isabella Hanson. 
Harriet L. Martin. 
E. Maria Upham. 

Mary A. Currier, Teacher of Elocution. 


^buanccb (tiass. 

Harriet D. Bowen, Salem. 
Marietta Clarke, Topsfiekl. 
Martha A. Paul, Lowell. 

Justine F. Proctor, Gloucester. 

Mary E. Seger, Svvampscott. 

E. Adelaide Tovvie, Newburyport. 

€las6 ^. 

Margaret B. Agan, Saratoga Springs. 

Ruth B. Bailey, Lowell. 

Carrie L. Barrell, Lewiston, Me. 

Ella F. Bass, Xewburyport. 

Helen A. Brown, Seekonk. 

Sarah E. Butler, Charlestown. 

Annie E. Coburn, Charlestown. 

Arvilhi A. Cross, Boston. 

Ella r)ager,gWakefield.1 

Lucy L. Drown, Fisherville, N. H. 

Margaret G. Fawcett, Surry, N. H. 
Jessie F. Ford, Salem. 
Lucy J. Freeman, Lowell. 
Emma C. Perkins, East Walpole, 
Mira A Prime, Salem. 
Annie A. Reid, Seekonk. 
Emma A. Swasey, Salem. 
Helen F. Teel, Peabody. 
Sara L. Thomas, Wakefield. 

QTlass e. 

Emily J. Allen, Marblehead. 

Amy G. Brown, Stoneham. 

Caroline O. Brown, Danvers. 

Emma F. Clifford, Lynn. 

Mary E. Cloutman, Salem. 

Gertrude M. Colgate, Mac^Gregor, lo. 

Ella J. Corthell, Hingham Centre. 

Lizzie L. Cutting, Cohasset. 

Lucy C. Eliott, Charlestown. 

Adele E. Fabens, Salem. 

M. Isabel Farrant, Salem. 

Eliza C. Flower, New Orleans, La. 

Sarali J. Fuller, Hartland, Me. 

Sarah M. Girdler, Beverly. 
A. Belle Gould, Chelsea. 
Hannah M. Harris, Marblehead. 
Emily D. Haskell, Rockport. 
Emma E. Howard, Chelsea. 
Eva E. Howlett, Saugus. 
Elizabeth N. Jones, Georgetown. 
Frances Jones, Lynn. 
Ella M. Kemp, No. Cambridge. 
Jennie W. Kennedy, Milton. 
Susan F. Kimball, No. Andover. 
Julia E. Leighton, Lowell. 
Drusilla S. Lothrop, Cohasset. 

Eleanor M. Magee, No. Chelsea. 
Sarah E. Morgan, Oakham. 
Ella L. Miuiroe, Lynn field. 
Anna F. Nevvhall, Sangus Centre. 
Ettie M. Oliver, East Saugus. 
Lucy E. Parsons, Salem. 
Martha W. Pedrick, Beverly. 
Clara E. Phelps, South Chelsea. 
Jane E. Shedd, Oakham. 
Marianna Smith, Salem. 
Mary R. Staton, Lynn. 
Caroline Stevens, Gloucester. 

Ellen M. Stiles, Middleton. 
Hannah C. Swift, Yarmouth Port 
Laura J. Symonds, Salem. 
Emma M. Tonks, Maiden. 
Evelyn M. Walton, Saugus Centre. 
Georgiana Walton, Saugus. 
Irene S. Ward well, Andover. 
Annie L. VVilkins, Middleton. 
Mary E. Wilkins, Peabody. 
Elizabeth M. Wilson, Marblehead. 
Georgiana Young, Lanesville. 

€:loss or. 

Kate E. Bachelder, Salem. 
Helen F. Baker, Lowell. 
Helen L. Bradbury, Maiden. 
Mary E. Bray, Marblehead. 
Abbie M. Crosman, Swampscott. 
Ida C. Currier, Middleton. 
Clara George, East Boston. 
Olive R. Graves, Middleton. 
Annie M. Greenough, Salem. 
Susannah Hathorne, Salem. 
Mary I. Hersey, Melrose. 
Sarah L. Hitchings, Saugus* 
Mary I. Howe, Lowell. 
Eliza J. Kidder, Saugus. 
Emma G. Knapp, Fitchburg. 
Laura IL Lake, Topsfield. 

Abbie S. Abbott, Xo. Reading. 
Harriet D. Allen, Salem. 
Ida C. Allen, Dover, N. H. 
Mary ,T. Ballard, Wakefield. 
Georgiana A. Bell, Maple wood, 
Mabel E. Blake, JSTo. Andover. 

Mary M. Larason, Lowell, 
Sarah K. Littlefield, Salem. 
Mary A. Manning, Andover. 
Francis E.Morrill, Lowell. 
Martha R. Orne, Lynn. 
Laura L Parsons, Rochester, N. H. 
Mary E Poore, South Lawrence. 
Eftie B. Richardson, West Gloucester. 
Ida A. Shattuck, Marblehead. 
Elizabeth J. Simmons, Boston. 
Elvina H. Smith, Beverly. 
Elsie R. Soper, Middleton. 
Julia E. Thompson, Fall River. 
Elizabeth B. Wetherbee, Boston. 
Henrietta Woods, Winchester. 

Class W. 

Emma J. Bowker, Charlestown. 
Annie A. Boyle, Salem. 
A. Estelle Bridge, Haverhill. 
Rosa F. Butler, Wolfboro', N. H. 
Susan E. Chapman, No. Reading. 
Mary Clough, Wentworth, N. H. 


Ellen J. Collar, Brookfield. 

Sarah F. Conch, Xewburyport. 

Margaret E. Currier, Lynn. 

Hannah B. Danforth. Lynntield. 

E. M. Davis, Salem. 

Lizzie A. P.Emerson, No. Tewksbury 

Annie E. Emery, Lowell. 

Clara C. Farnham, East Saugus. 

Mary A. Forness, Peabody. 

Emma A. Foye, Methuen. 

Lucy I. Garrett, Lowell. 

Frances C. Gavett, Salem. 

Sarah A. Greene, Kingston, N. PI. 

Mary A. Griffinsf, Ipswich. 

Annie S. Harlow, Lowell. 

Alice S. Hatch, Charlestown. 

Rebecca T. Hawkes, Saugus Centre. 

Annie Home, Wolfboro', N. H. 

Lucy E. James, Haverhill. 

Georgiana Lewis, Lynn. 

Lydia A Lord, Peabody. 

Ella L. Manning, Salem. 

Margie A. Meesick, Lynn. 

Helen M. Merrill, Peabody. 

Amelia A. L. Merriman, Kingston. 

Lizzie G. Millet, Salem. 

Leanette L. Mills, London Ridge, N.H 

Eunice E. Morse, Georgetown. 

Ida M. Oliver, East Saugus. 

Minnie E. Parsons, Montclair, N. J. 

Helen L. Pease, Salem. 

Lucy E. Perley, Georgetown. 

»arah W. Pickering, Salem. 

Clara J. Reynolds, No. Andover. 

Sarah C. Robinson. Nantucket. 

Abbie L. Sargent, Lowell. 

Harriet E. Smith, Winchester, N. II. 

Sarah A. Swett, Peabody. 

Caroline S. Taylor, Hinsdale, N. II. 

Delia Weeks, Siilem. 

Louisa S. Welch, Topsfield. 

Sarah A. York, Lynn. 

Number of pupils in attendance the present term. 
Number of difterent pupils during the past year, - 


■ '->-:" Y-y^wnnWfc-u: 

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This Institution was established by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, with 
the liberal co-operation of the City of Salem and the Eastern Railroad Company' 
for the direct preparation of Female Teachers to instruct in the Common and 
High Schools required by law. It is under the charge of the State Board of 
Education, and of a special Board of Visitors. During the period that has 
elapsed since the reception of the first Class, in September, 1854, one thousand 
three hundred and seventy-two Ladies have been members of the School ; and 
of these, six hundred and two have received diplomas, upon the honorable 
completion of the prescribed course of study. 

-S c Ii I Year a n ti 2r c r ni » . 

The School Year is divided into two terms, each containing nineteen weeks of 
study, with a week's recess near the middle of the term. 

The next Term will commence on Tuesday, February 14, 1871, and will close 
on Friday, June 30, 1871. 

[The present term will close on Tuesday, January 17, 1871, with public"! 
exercises of Graduation, commencing at 2 o'clock, P. M. J 

S ti m f ssf on . 

Candidates for admission must be at least sixteen years of age ; must present a 
satisfactory certificate of good moral character; must declare their full intention 
of faithfully observing the regulations of the School, during their connection with 
it, and of afterwards teaching in the public schools of Massacliusetts ;* and must 

* Ladies designing to teach in other States or in private schools may be admitted by 
paying $15 a term for tuition. 


pass a satisfactory examination in Reading, Sp(?lling, Defining, Writing, Arith- 
metic, English Grammar, Geography, and the History of the United States. 
A greater age and higher attainments than those prescribed, with some experience 
in teaching, render the course of study in the Institution still more useful. 

The Examination for admission takes place on Tuesday, the first day of each 
term, commencing at 9 o'clock, A. M. Except in extraordinary cases, no one is 
examined later in the term. 

€" u V s c of jS t II T) )) . 

The Board of Education, by a vote passed January 9, 1866, prescribed the 
following Course of Study for the State Normal Schools : 

*' The time of the course extends through a period of two years; and is di- 
vided into terms of twenty weeks each, with daily sessions of not less than five 
hours, five days each week. 


First Term. 

1. Arithmetic, oral and written, begun. 

2. Geometry, begun. 

3. Chemistry. • 

4. Grammar and Analysis of the English Language. 

Second Term. 

1. Arithmetic completed; Algebra begun. 

2. Geometry completed; Geography and History begun. 

3. Physiology and Hygiene. 

4. Grammar and Analysis completed. 

6. Lessons once or twice a week in Botany and Zoology. 

Third Term. 

1. Algebra completed; Book-keeping. 

2. Geography and History completed. 

3. Natural Philosophy. 

4. Rhetoric and English Literature. 

5. Lessons once or twice a week in Mineralogy and Geology, 

Fourth Term. 

1. Astronomy. 

2. Mental and Moral Science.— including the principles and art of Reasoning. 

3. Theory and Art of Teaching,— including: 

( 1. ) Principles and Methods of Instruction. 
(2.) School Organization and Government. 
(3) School Laws of Massachusetts. 

4. The Civil Polity of Massachusetts and the United States. 


In connection with the foregoing, constant and careful attention to be given 
throughout the course to drawing and delineations on the blackboard ; music ; 
spelling, with derivations and definitions ; reading, including analysis of sounds 
and vocal gymnastics ; and writing. 

The Latin and French languages may be pursued as optional studies, but not 
to the neglect of the English coarse. 

General exercises in composition, gymnastics, object lessons, &c., to be con- 
ducted in such a manner and at such times as the Principals shall deem best. 

Lectures on the different branches pursued, and on related topics, to be given 
by gentlemen from abroad, as the Board or the Visitors shall direct, and also 
by the teachers and more advanced scholars. 

The order of the studies in the course may be varied in special cases, with 
the approval of the Visitors." 

^ims anb l^ctljobs of §t\xi3v anb S^rmnittcj. 

The ends chiefly aimed at in this schoo are, the acquisition of the necessary 
knowledge of the Principles and Methods of Education, and of the various 
branches of study, the attainment of skill in the art of teaching, and the 
general developeraent of the mental powers. 

From the beginning to the end of the course, all studies are conducted with 
especial reference to the best ways of teaching them. Recitations, however ex- 
cellent, are not deemed satisfactory unless every pupil is able to teach others 
that which she has herself learned. In every study the pupils in turn occupy 
temporarily the place of teacher of their classmates, and are subjected to their 
criticisms as well aa those of their regular teacher. Teaching exercises of va- 
rious kinds form a large and important part of the school work. During the 
Senior term, object lessons are given to classes of primary school children, so that 
every pupil obtains, before graduating, considerable experience in teaching chil- 
dren to observe, think, and give expression to thought. 

Nearly^ all the studies are conducted upon the topical plan. Text-books are 
used, to a large extent, as books of reference. The committing of text-books to 
memory is avoided as far as possible, the scholars being trained to depend upon 
thoughts rather than words. 

A great object of the school is to make the pupils investigate, think, and 
speak for themselves; to make them independent, self-reliant, and ready to meet 
whatever difficulties may arise. 


The discipline of the school is made as simple as possible. Pupils are ex-^ 
pected to govern themselves ; to do v^^ithout compulsion what is required, and 
to refrain voluntarily from all improprieties of conduct. Those who are unwil- 
ling to conform cheerfully to the known wishes of the Principal and his Assis- 
tants, are presumed to be unfit to become teachers. 

It is not deemed necessary to awaken a feeling of emulation in order to in- 
duce the scholars to peform tlieir duties faithfully. The ranking of scholars 
according to their comparative success in their studies, is not here allowed. 
Faithful attention to duty is encouraged for its own sake, not for the purpose 
of obtaining certain marks of credit. 

promotion!!! anb 6rabnalxons. 

Promotions from one class to another are made at the close of eaoh term 
means of thorough written examinations. These examinations include every 
study pursued during the term, and the result in each study must be satisfac- 
tory to entitle the pupil to advance to the study next in order. A general 
failure on the part of the pupil compels her to retake the entire work of the 
term. In cases of partial failure, reexaminations are allowed. In the Senior 
term, a special examination is had in all the branches tauglit in the common 
schools, and only those who pass it successfully are permitted to graduate. 
Young ladies who possess good natural abilities and right habits of study, find 
no serious difficulties in passing the required examinations. 

^ibrarg, gipparatus, anb Ptisram. 

The Institution has a valuable Library, containing, in works for general ref- 
erence and reading, and in text-books, about eight thousand volumes. It has, 
also, a fair supply of pliilosophical apparatus, and a Museum containing a large 
collection of si>eciraen8 illustrating various departments of science. 


The friends of the higher education of women can confer a great benefit upon 
the Institution by making donations to its Library and xMuseum. Any aid in 
this direction will be gratefully acknowledged. 

^&&t% Institute attb Ipeabobn ^cabEmjr of Bdtna. 

The important advantages offered by these well known and most useful Institu- 
tions are freely enjoyed by the members of the Normal School. The large, and, in 
some respects, unequalled Museum and Cabinet belonging to the Institute and 
Academy, affords rare opportunities for studies in various departments of Science ; 
and the instructive meetings of the Essex Institute for the discussion of Historical 
and Scientific subjects, possess great value for all who are interested in the study 
of History and of Nature. 

Tuition is free to those who comply with the condition of teaching in the public 
schools of Massachusetts, wherever they may have previously resided. A small 
fee ($2.00) is paid by each pupil at the beginning of the term, for incidental ex- 

The text-books required are mostly furnished without charge from the School 
Library. It is recommended, however, that pupils should bring with them, 
for purposes of reference and comparison, the text-books which they have already 
studied ; and they should especially be provided with a Bible, a Dictionary, and a 
recent Atlas. 

The price which is paid by the pupils for board, ( not usually including 
washing, or separate fire and lights,) varies from $4.00 to $5.00 per week, ac- 
cording to the accommodations furnished. Pupils who prefer to board them- 
selves can obtain good rooms for one dollar a week. 



bequest of Nathaniel 1. Bowditch, Esq., of Brookline. 
Salem, Dec, 1870. 



Tlie Next Term of the State Normal 
School at Salem, Mass., will commence 
with an examination of candidates for ad- 
mission, on Tuesday, Febraary 14, 1871. 

This Institution is open to Ladies not less 
than sixteen years of age, (without limit as 
to place of residence,) who may wisli to 
pursue a Course of Study preparatory to 
the work of teacliin^ in Common or Higb 
Schools. To all who mtend to teach in the 

Public Schools of Massachnsetts, Tuition is 
Fkkk. Text books are mostly furnislied from 
the Library of the Scliool without charge. 
From the State Appi-opriation and otlier 
sources, more than $1400 is annually distribu- 
ted to pupils who merit and need the aid. 

For Circulars, or further information, ad- 

D. B. HAGAE, Principal. 

HiAem ' Observer' Steaifl' ' Pf e^s. 

Pupils who come to the School daily by railroad, obtain season ticketi^^BJ, 
at one half of the usual rates. 1 

For the assistance of those who would find even the moderate expense of the 
School burdensome, the Commonwealth makes an annual appropriation of a 
thousand dollars. One half of this amount is distributed at the close of each 
term, among pupils from Massachusetts who merit and need the aid, in sums 
varying' according to the distance of their residences from Salem, but not ex- 
ceeding in any case $1.50 per week. In this distribution, the first term of a 
pupil's connection with the School is not reckoned, unless she enters prepared to 
complete the prescribed course of study in less than two years. \ 

Aid is also rendered, in cases of special merit and need, from the indome of the 
fund of Five Thousand Dollars, for which the School is indebted to ^e munificent